SARDINIA

SARDINIA, Mediterranean island belonging to Italy. The first authentic information regarding Jews in Sardinia is that in 19 C.E. Emperor Tiberius deported 4,000 Jewish youths to the island because a Roman Jew had defrauded a proselyte named Fulvia, wife of the senator Saturninus. Jewish inscriptions of the classical period have been found in Sardinia, in particular at San Antioco. The situation of the Jews was presumably similar to that of Jews in the other parts of the Roman Empire but deteriorated with the triumph of Christianity. In 599 a newly baptized Jew named Peter burst into the synagogue at Cagliari on Easter Sunday with a mob at his heels and deposited his baptismal robe, together with a crucifix and an image of the Virgin, in front of the Ark. When the Jews appealed to Pope Gregory I, he ordered reparation to be made. From the seventh century until 1326, when the island came under Aragonese rule, the situation of the Jews was generally good, although anti-Jewish riots occurred in Oristano and in the district of Arborea, which resulted in their expulsion from these localities. The Jewish settlement in Iglesias was prohibited temporarily after 1327. The Jews continued to prosper during the first century of Aragonese rule and were even granted additional privileges, mainly in alghero ; Sassari and cagliari also had sizable communities. Many Jews from Spain settled in Sardinia. Each community was headed by elected officers who had authority to decide in civil cases between Jews, and on minor claims between Jews and Christians. From 1430 conditions deteriorated. Except in Alghero, the Jews were obliged to wear a special badge . They were forbidden to wear jewelry and allowed to wear only black shoes. Jews were prohibited from trading on Christian holidays and from employing Christians. No additional Jews were allowed to settle on the island. In 1485 the Jews were declared the property of the king and placed under the jurisdiction of a special royal officer. They were also forbidden to export any property or wares from the island. With the expulsion of the Jews from Spain and the Aragonese dominions in July 1492, the Jews were compelled to leave Sardinia. Many of the Sardinian exiles settled temporarily in the kingdom of Naples, others went to North Africa and to Turkey, especially Constantinople, where the surname Sardaigna is still common. Some, however, remained in Sardinia as converts to Christianity – notably the Caracassonna family, which for a while played a considerable role in Sardinian public life. A tribunal of the Inquisition was established in 1492 and remained sporadically active for some years. From the close of the Middle Ages, no Jewish community of importance has existed in the island, and it was only in the 19th century that a few individual Jews settled here and there, generally on a temporary basis. By the Italian law regulating Jewish communal organization in 1931, Sardinia was included in the jurisdiction of the Rome community. Some historians consider that, during the tranquil period in the Middle Ages before Aragonese rule, considerable groups of Jews merged into the Christian population, instanced by the relatively small number of Jews found there in the 15th century. The absorption of the Jews into the general population is said to have left its mark on Sardinian life and institutions. Jewish elements may be found, according to some writers, in local folk customs, and in names of persons and places. However, such elements may be the result of the influence of other cultures which had a common source with Judaism or of chance resemblances. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Falchi, Gli Ebrei nella storia e nella poesia popolare dei Sardi (1934); idem, La dominazione ebraica in Sardegna (1936); Milano, Bibliotheca, index, S.V. Sardegna; Milano, Italia, index, S.V. Sardegune; Roth, Italy, index; Spano, in: Rivista Sarda, 1 (1875), 23–52; Medina, in: RMI, 10 (1935/36), 145–6; Eliezer ben David (Bedarida), ibid., 11 (1936/37), 328–58, 424–3; Levi, ibid., 12 (1937/38), 129–62; Frey, Corpus, 1 (1936), nos. 656–60; Boscolo, in: Annali della Facoltà di lettere e filosofia dell' Università di Cagliari, 19 (1952), 162–71. (Menachem E. Artom)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sardinia — • The second largest Italian island in the Mediterranean Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sardinia     Sardinia     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • SARDINIA — insul. et regnum in mari Ligustico, a variis habitata populis, tandem a Poenis occupata est, quibus tamen illam Romani eripuerunt. A Saracenis postmodum capta, inde a Pipino eiectis, A. C. 809. diu Pisanis et Genuensibus contentionis argumentum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sardinia — ist: der lateinische Name von Sardinien eine römische Provinz, siehe Sardinia et Corsica Sardinia (1902), ein britischer Passagierdampfer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Sardinia (Indiana) Sardinia (New York) Sardinia (Ohio) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sardinia — Sardinia, OH U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 862 Housing Units (2000): 362 Land area (2000): 0.641455 sq. miles (1.661360 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.641455 sq. miles (1.661360 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Sardinia, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 862 Housing Units (2000): 362 Land area (2000): 0.641455 sq. miles (1.661360 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.641455 sq. miles (1.661360 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Sardinia — large island adjacent to Corsica, from L., from Gk. Sardo. The oblique cases are sometimes Sardonos, etc., as if from *Sardon …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sardinia — [sär din′ē ə, särdin′yə] [L < Gr Sardō] 1. Italian island in the Mediterranean, south of Corsica: 9,194 sq mi (23,812 sq km) 2. region of Italy, comprising this island & small nearby islands: 9,301 sq mi (24,089 sq km); pop. 1,648,000; cap.… …   English World dictionary

  • Sardinia — Infobox Region of Italy name = Sardinia fullname = it. Regione Autonoma della Sardegna sc. Regioni Autònoma de sa Sardinnya isocode = capital = Cagliari status = Autonomous region governor = Renato Soru ( Independent Democratic Party ) zone =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sardinia — /sahr din ee euh, din yeuh/, n. 1. a large island in the Mediterranean, W of Italy: with small nearby islands it comprises a department of Italy. 1,571,499; 9301 sq. mi. (24,090 sq. km). 2. a former kingdom 1720 1860, including this island and… …   Universalium

  • Sardinia — (Sardegna)    Like Sicily, Sardinia has a rich history that has bred a strong independent cultural tradition. Unlike Sicily, whose capital city of Palermo was once among the leading cultural centers of Europe, no Sardinian tradition of grandeur… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.